Archive for the ‘John Howard’ Category

China Watch

October 16, 2007

John E. Carey
The Washington Times
October 21, 2007

“With China’s rapid rise and relentless military build-up, the ‘China threat’ is no longer confined to confrontation across the Taiwan Strait. In fact, it has already seriously impacted world peace,” said Taiwan’s President Chen Shui-bian on Oct. 10, 2007.

He urged the international community to “strongly demand that China immediately withdraw missiles deployed along its southeastern coast targeted at Taiwan, stop military exercises simulating attacks on Taiwan.”

Mr. Chen was kicking off Taiwan’s annual National Day parade. The parade featured, for the first time in 16 years, military troops and equipment. Yet Taiwan took out of the parade line up, at the last minute, its secret cruise missile, the HF-2E, that analysts say could reach Shanghai.

Said one China-watcher we spoke to on the phone from Shanghai: “We have to assume Taiwan just wanted to keep this missile from being photographed. Certainly President Chen’s remarks would provoke China but there was not too much new or surprising here. Chen has been outspoken before.”

President Chen accused Beijing of ignoring peace overtures and using “ever more belligerent rhetoric and military intimidation.”

At the Asia-Pacific regional summit on Sept. 7 in Sydney, Australia, President Hu Jintao of China reportedly told President Bush the next two years will be a time of “high danger” for Taiwan. “This year and next year are a period of high danger for the Taiwan situation,” Mr. Hu told Mr. Bush in bilateral talks, a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman said.
Former President Jiang Zemin standing side-by-side with his successor, Hu Jintao, at the 16th Party Congress.

Former President Jiang Zemin standing
side-by-side with his successor, Hu Jintao,
at the 16th Party Congress.
************************
“We must give stronger warnings to the Taiwan authorities,” Liu Jianchao quoted the Chinese president as saying. “We cannot allow anyone to use any means to split Taiwan from the motherland.”

But Taiwan’s Mr. Chen has been unrelenting. In his National Day address, he said: “Taiwan and the People’s Republic of China are two sovereign, independent nations, and neither exercises jurisdiction over the other. This is a historical fact. This is the status quo across the Taiwan Strait.”

China doesn’t see it that way. China views Taiwan as a renegade breakaway province that needs to be returned to Beijing’s control. China has been beefing up ballistic missile and other forces facing Taiwan and has been promoting more senior military officers with experience in planning operations against Taiwan.

Within the last six weeks, China replaced its chief of general staff for the People’s Liberation Army. A commander once tasked with making war preparations against Taiwan, Chen Bingde, was named to run the day-to-day operations of the PLA.

China also recently again blocked Taiwan’s recognition by the United Nations — a sore point in Taiwan since 1949. “Only the people of Taiwan have the right to decide their nation’s future,” President Chen said.

Early last July a Defense White Paper from Japan expressed concern about China. “There are fears about the lack of transparency concerning China’s military strength,” the paper said. “In January this year, China used ballistic missile technology to destroy one of its own satellites. There was insufficient explanation from China, sparking concern in Japan and other countries about safety in space as well as the security aspects.”

That same week, Australia’s Prime Minister John Howard said, “The pace and scope of [China’s] military modernization, particularly the development of new and disruptive capabilities such as the anti-satellite missile, could create misunderstandings and instability in the region.”

What are the implications for the United States? The 1979 Taiwan Relations Act stipulates the United States will “consider any effort to determine the future of Taiwan by other than peaceful means, including by boycotts or embargoes, a threat to the peace and security of the Western Pacific area are of grave concern to the United States” but does not mandate intervention.

With the United States increasingly interlocked with China in trade and both nations seeking a successful Beijing Olympics next summer, it is increasingly important that the U.S. keep crystal-clear its foreign policy intentions with China and Taiwan.

John E. Carey is former president of International Defense Consultants Inc and a frequent contributor to The Washington Times.
******

Related:

China Claiming “Major Advances” in U.S. Relationship

On China: “Trust But Verify”
http://washingtontimes.com/article/20070826/COMMENTARY/
108260018/1012/COMMENTARY03

Cold War Redux?
http://www.washingtontimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20070822/COMMENTARY/108220021

China: Less than the Entire Truth
http://www.washingtontimes.com/article/20070808/
COMMENTARY/108080004/1012/COMMENTARY03

China’s Hu Jintao: State Of China Address Opens Party Congress

China’s tightens Internet controls

China rulers ’silencing dissent’

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China Called Threat to World Peace

October 10, 2007

By John E. Carey
Peace and Freedom
October 10, 2007

“With China’s rapid rise and relentless military build-up, the ‘China threat’ is no longer confined to confrontation across the Taiwan Strait. In fact, it has already seriously impacted world peace,” said Taiwan’s President Chen Shui-bian.

Mr. Chen called on the international community to “strongly demand that China immediately withdraw missiles deployed along its southeastern coast targeted at Taiwan and stop military exercises simulating attacks on Taiwan.”

A Taiwan-born translator in Washington D.C. translated President Chen’s speech into English for Peace and Freedom.

President Chen was kicking off Taiwan’s annual National Day parade. The parade featured, for the first time in 16 years, military troops and equipment. Yet Taiwan took out of the parade line up, at the last minute, its new cruise missile that analysts say could reach Shanghai.

Tensions Rising Between China and Taiwan
.

Said one China watcher we spoke to, “We have to assume Taiwan just wanted to keep this missile from being photographed. Certainly President Chen’s remarks would provoke China but there was not too much new or surprising here. Chen has been outspoken before.”

President Chen accused Beijing of ignoring peace overtures and using “ever more belligerent rhetoric and military intimidation.”

“Taiwan and the People’s Republic of China are two sovereign, independent nations, and neither exercises jurisdiction over the other. This is a historical fact. This is the status quo across the Taiwan Strait,” said President Chen.

China doesn’t see it that way. China views Taiwan as a renegade breakaway province that needs to be returned to Beijing’s control. China has been beefing up ballistic missile and other forces facing Taiwan and has been promoting more senior military officers with experience in planning operations against Taiwan.

China recently again blocked Taiwan’s recognition by the United Nations; a sore point in Taiwan since 1949.

“Only the people of Taiwan have the right to decide their nation’s future,” President Chen said.

Early last July a Defense White Paper from Japan expressed concern about China.

“There are fears about the lack of transparency concerning China’s military strength,” the paper said.

“In January this year China used ballistic missile technology to destroy one of its own satellites. There was insufficient explanation from China, sparking concern in Japan and other countries about safety in space as well as the security aspects,” the paper said.

That same week, Australia’s Prime Minister John Howard said, “The pace and scope of [China’s] military modernization, particularly the development of new and disruptive capabilities such as the anti-satellite missile, could create misunderstandings and instability in the region.”
*****************
Some additional relavent information on this:

–The U.S. Taiwan Relations Act of 1979 stipulates that the United States will “consider any effort to determine the future of Taiwan by other than peaceful means, including by boycotts or embargoes, a threat to the peace and security of the Western Pacific area are of grave concern to the United States” but does not mandate that the United States intervene in these situations.

–During the first week of September at the Sydney, Australia Asia-Pacific regional summit President Hu Jintao told President Bush that the next two years will be a time of “high danger” for Taiwan, as the island republic prepares again to apply for a seat in the United Nations. “This year and next year are a period of high danger for the Taiwan situation,” Mr. Hu told Mr. Bush in bilateral talks, according to a Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman. “We must give stronger warnings to the Taiwan authorities,” Liu Jianchao quoted the Chinese president as saying. “We cannot allow anyone to use any means to split Taiwan from the motherland.”
http://www.washingtontimes.com/article/20070907/
NATION/109070093/1002

–President Bush said today he would attend an event next week with the Buddhist Dalai Lama. This is a provocation to China which is unlike President Bush.
Bush throws down gauntlet to China with Dalai Lama meeting

–China announced today that it had completed activation of a seamless network of all-weather air defense radars to cover all Chinese airspace.
China Announces Gains in Air Defense

–Taiwan has talked a lot about increased funding for self defense but has not done much.

China Claiming “Major Advances” in U.S. Relationship

September 20, 2007

By John E. Carey
The Washington Times
September 20, 2007

On Saturday, September 15, the official communist news agencies in China were buzzing with news of a new “White Paper” from China’s government stating that China and the U.S. were having a wonderful year of comity and togetherness.

According to China’s Foreign Ministry, the relationship between China and the United States has been stable in the past year, with some “major” advances.

The next day, two newspaper items caught the eye.

The first headline is rather self explanatory: “China recalls leukemia drugs in safety scare.”

The headline “Quality control urgency” brought readers to a commentary in the Washington Times by Herbert Klein. The essay begins, “Toys, toothpaste and pet foods are only a small part of the U.S.-China trade. But the angry public reaction to the sale of contaminated products demands priority attention from both nations.”

Hardly the stuff of a smoothly sailing international relationship.

The relationship between China and the U.S. is complex and multi-faceted, certainly. But to allow the communist government and their state controlled media to distort the facts unanswered is unconscionable.

China views the world this way, according to an amassed pile of Chinese Foreign Ministry press releases and state controlled media stories during the past year:

–despite several food, toy and other product safety scandals this year, more than 90% of China’s products are safe and China continues to strive for product safety perfection.

–while the West questions China’s intent as it expands and modernizes its military, China only seeks better self defense and no nation should be alarmed.

–critics say China has a pollution problem but China is a developing nation exempt from the Kyoto treaty and other measures and China is working very hard to lesson pollution everywhere.

The facts in all these issues may be debatable. But in the view of many China watchers, international diplomats and international organizations including the United Nations, the counter arguments to China’s Foreign Ministry and state controlled media look like this:

On food and product safety, the central government in Beijing has little control over a vast and far-flung array of farms, factories, entrepreneurs, middlemen and vendors.

According to Les Lothringer, a China expert based in Shanghai who has done business in China for many years, “It is quite impossible for any Chinese official to guarantee anything in China because of the lack of control that the government has and the lack of standards we take for granted in the West.”

On the issue of China’s military build-up, China has embarked on a huge military build-up. But nobody knows how much China is spending on defense, and procurement projects are shrouded in secrecy.

Since late last year, a Chinese ship-attack submarine surfaced within sight of a U.S. aircraft carrier before being detected for the first time in history, China demonstrated an anti-satellite missile capability the first time in history, and China has continued to verbally bully Taiwan.

During this last summer, both Prime Minister John Howard of Australia and a Defense Ministry “White Paper” from Japan voiced concern about China’s defense matters.

In Australia, Mr. Howard said, “The pace and scope of its military modernization, particularly the development of new and disruptive capabilities such as the anti-satellite missile, could create misunderstandings and instability in the region.”

Japan’s paper on defense said, “There are fears about the lack of transparency concerning China’s military strength. In January this year China used ballistic missile technology to destroy one of its own satellites. There was insufficient explanation from China, sparking concern in Japan and other countries about safety in space as well as the security aspects.”

With regard to pollution, China has the worst pollution of every kind in the world.

“I wouldn’t expect a world record in the marathon in Beijing [the Beijing Olympics, Summer Games 2008],” says Marco Cardinale, a doctor who advises the British Olympic Committee. “The issue isn’t just air quality, but the combination of heat, humidity and bad air.”

Michael Mueller, a German environment ministry official said that the Chinese delegates to a U.N. environmental meeting had been “masters of deception and the art of interpretation.”

”It is a very awkward situation for the country because our greatest achievement is also our biggest burden,” says Wang Jinnan, one of China’s leading environmental researchers. ”There is pressure for change, but many people refuse to accept that we need a new approach so soon.”

China lowered its energy consumption per unit of gross domestic product by just 1.2 percent last year — against a goal of four percent — while pollution emission levels actually rose by two percent.

And meanwhile, China continues to build coal-fired power plants at a rate of more than one a week.Finally, in another example of Beijing’s lack of effective central control, U.N. inspectors found that factory managers not closely situated near Beijing generally took the attitude of, “We’ll use coal, produce more products and ignore Beijing as long as we continue to increase profits.” Beijing has told the U.N. it can significantly reduce pollution.

These differences between China’s view of itself and the views provided by less biased observers doesn’t even mention the vast gulf between China and international groups like Human Rights Watch on the issue of rampant human rights abuses in China.

In short, China is boasting of its wonderful relationship with the U.S. during this past year including some “major” advances. The U.S. should clearly set the record straight.

Mr. Carey is former president of International Defense Consultants, Inc. and a frequent contributor to the Washington Times.

China sees ‘danger’ in Taiwan’s U.N. intent

September 7, 2007

By  Joseph Curl and David R. Sands
The Washington Times
September 7, 2007

Chinese President Hu Jintao yesterday told President Bush that the next two years will be a time of “high danger” for Taiwan, as the island republic prepares again to apply for a seat in the United Nations.

The U.S. and Chinese presidents made an unusual joint appeal against a planned Taiwanese referendum on the U.N. bid after a bilateral talk on the sidelines of the Asia-Pacific regional summit here. Beijing considers Taiwan part of its territory, and Washington has long urged both sides to avoid moves that would upset the present diplomatic stalemate.

Read the rest at:
http://www.washingtontimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/
article?AID=/20070907/NATION/
109070093/1001

Bush, China’s Hu tackle thorny issues

September 6, 2007

By Tom Raum, Associated Press 

SYDNEY, Australia – President Bush and Chinese President Hu Jintao tackled contentious issues on Thursday, from climate change and Iran and North Korea to recalls of tainted Chinese food and individual freedoms in China.

“He’s an easy man to talk to. I’m very comfortable in my discussions with President Hu,” Bush said after a face-to-face meeting that lasted about 90 minutes on the sidelines of an Asia-Pacific economic summit.

Hu called the discussion “candid and friendly,” even though it touched on deep U.S.-Chinese differences.

Read it all:
http://news.yahoo.com/s/ap/20070906/ap_
on_re_au_an/bush;_ylt=AuvBrL_
XKEFf97CKObvKmXms0NUE

China: No More Mister Nice Guy

July 26, 2007

By John E. Carey
Peace and Freedom
July 26, 2007

On July 25, 2007, the International Monetary Fund released its 2007 projections. Those numbers indicate that China, this year for the first time, has dislodged the United States from its long reign as the main engine of global economic growth, with its more than 11 percent growth eclipsing sputtering U.S. growth of about 2 percent.

That same day, China accused the United States of deliberately misleading the public after the US military said it had found Chinese-made missiles in Iraq that were probably smuggled in from Iran.China accused the U.S. of “ulterior motives.”

The Chinese Foreign Ministry response to the U.S. claim included a strong statement of China’s lawful conduct. “The Chinese government takes a scrupulous and responsible attitude to the export of its arms,” the statement said.

Meet China: “No More Mister Nice Guy.”

The IMF said in its report on July 25 that China is expected to drive a hearty 5.2 percent expansion of the global economy this year.

When you are in charge of the global economy, you can pretty much get your way around the globe.

Just this year, China completed construction on the world’s largest seaport at Gwadar, Pakistan. China’s investment in the port exceeded $1 billion. It will be used for both commercial and military traffic.

China continued to take over in Tibet. In Tibet today, there are more Chinese than Tibetans, according to news reports and Mort Kondracke who visited there this summer.

China continues to suck oil out of Sudan, even as it largely turns a blind eye to the genocide in Darfur.

China has sided with Vladimir Putin’s Russia to block U.S. plans to sanction Iran in the U.N. over the nuclear weapon program in Iran.

And China continued to browbeat Taiwan, using especially derisive language in its press releases after Taiwan made another attempt to enter the U.N.

This is all a part of what we call “China: No More Mister Nice Guy.”

Welcome to the 21st Century.

China continues an arms build-up largely kept secret from the west.  But we do know that in the last ten months a Chinese Navy submarine surface close to a U.S. aircraft carrier without first being detected, China demonstrated an anti-satellite missile system successfully, and China launched a huge new Jin Class ballistic missile submarine.

The U.S. Office of Naval Intelligence estimated in December that China might build five Jin-class submarines.

Japan “expressed concern about the lack of transparency on China’s burgeoning military spending” on July 5.  This followed closely on the heels of Australia’s Prime Minister John Howard saying of China, “The pace and scope of its military modernization, particularly the development of new and disruptive capabilities such as the anti-satellite missile, could create misunderstandings and instability in the region.”

Prime Minister Howard made the statement on July 4.

Next week the U.S. Secretary of the Treasury goes to China. His agenda includes discussions with Chinese leaders concerning China’s environment which has the worst pollution in the world.

We say, “Good luck Treasury Secretary Paulson.   When you meet China: No More Mister Nice Guy.”

Related:
To The U.S. Treasury Secretary: China Is Your Worst Nightmare, Sir

Japan Worried By North Korea, China

China’s new missile submarine seen by satellite

Australia PM: China military rise risks instability

China Plans Happy Olympics But A Few “Small” Problems Remain

From July 27, 2007
Senate Panel Indicates Readiness to “Squeeze China” Over Currency