The tensions between India and Pakistan since the Mumbai terrorism should serve as a reminder that India and Pakistan are two of the more dangerous neighbors on earth.
Both nuclear-armed, India and Pakistan have fought several wars since Britain left South Asia and the nations were “partitioned” in 1947.
By John E. Carey
Peace and Freedom
Wikipedia says, “resulted in the creation of the Republic of India and the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, there have been three major wars, one minor war and numerous armed skirmishes between the two countries. In each case, except the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, where the dispute concerned East Pakistan, the casus belli was the disputed Kashmir region.”
India sees itself as a rival to another “emerging superpower”: China. The two have tense relationships.
China has built the largest seaport in the world in Pakistan and provides Pakistan with military hardware, technology and assistance. But when Pakistan recently needed cash, Hu Jintao’s China turned them away and sent them to the IMF.
The U.S. tries to have friendly and helpful relations with both India and Pakistan. The U.S. just completed a nuclear technology assistance deal with India and Pakistan’s air force has U.S.-made F-16 aircraft.
China, the U.S., Pakistan and India all want a Navy strong enough to assure security in the Indian Ocean and surrounding sea lanes. Persian Gulf oil headed to Japan, the U.S., and China all passes through these waters.
The Indian naval warship INS Tabar has been involved in recent anti-piracy missions near Somalia.
India has a variety of missiles including the short-range Prithvi ballistic missile, the medium-range Akash, and the supersonic Brahmos. The Agni missiles are the most powerful.
India last year successfully test-fired the Agni-III, which is capable of carrying nuclear warheads across much of Asia and the Middle East.
says it developed its missile program as a deterrent against neighbors and Pakistan.